Forest Landscape Restoration - Tanzania Country Report
Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR) is a joint initiative of WWF and IUCN - The World Conservation Union. FLR is a planned process that aims to regain ecological integrity and enhance human well being in deforested or degraded forest landscapes. Key aspects of FLR that make it unique are that: It focuses on restoring forest functions as opposed to simply increasing tree cover with a particular emphasis on the relationship between various functions within different areas of the landscape.Restoring forests means much more than planting trees.
- The services provided by a restored forest landscape include soil stabilisation, local climate regulation, food security, biodiversity conservation and wildlife habitat.
- Forest landscape restoration also involves a range of diverse stakeholders from small landowner to government.
- It also requires informed consensus by stakeholders, resulting in an acceptable balance between increased ecological integrity and enhanced human well being.
Efforts of restoring forests are not new in Tanzania, however restoration of forests within the aspects of FLR outlined above is a new working concept in natural resources management with emphasis on restoring forest functions and ensuring ecological integrity and enhanced human well being. In order to identify instruments for successful adoption of FLR in the Eastern Africa Region, WWF and IUCN have initiated studies in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, of which this report is a component of the ongoing studies, covering Tanzania.